In this essay I will discuss the change in thinking about the architecture in the end of the seventies in Germany. An important building in that time was the Neue Staatsgalerie in Stuttgart designed by James Stirling. With the design of the Neue Staatsgalerie, Stirling made a different statement than the modern statement that was usually at that time. In this essay I point out the views of both opponents and supporters of the new post-modern style. Apart from the -in my opinion - strange formal language of the Staatsgalerie, both the opponents as the supporters have some good arguments and some arguments that can be easily rejected about the building and the (post)modern style. It was obvious that the modernists had some difficulties with the new post-modern approach and struggled to let go their own style and modern ideological thoughts. Modernists ideological thinking of, for example, democratic architecture was rejected by the context thinking of the postmodernists. At the same time the second world war was still in German architects their memory. For the modernists, the classical style was related to Nazi architecture (Rosenfeld, 1997, p. 215). There was much criticism on the classic elements Stirling used for his design, especially because the museum was one of the important buildings of the reconstruction of the bombed Stuttgart.
Supporters of the design saw the museum as an urban building. According to the supporters, by using classical elements together with modern elements, the design is a complement to the existing Staatsgalerie and the city but the building had also its own identity as a playful museum (J. Stirling & Wilford, 1994, p. 252).
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DATE: April, 2013
NAME: Essay Joris Korbee
MENTOR: S. Lee
KEYWORDS: Neue, New, Staatsgalerie, Stuttgart, Germany, Post-modern, Modern, Totalitarian architecture, fascistic architecture