In 1994 Foreign Office Architects won the competition for a new passengers port terminal in Yokohama. Their answer to the competition was a new public space that connects the city with the port terminal. One of the most important elements of the design is the flow and circulation inside the building, not only connecting the new public space with the rest of the city but also to provoke an interaction between the different users of the building. FOA created a new kind of urban space. But how is this new public space designed and what is new about this space?
In this essay I compere the view behind the design of FOA for the Yokohama Terminal with other conceptions on public space from different architects. The circulation and freedom of the users is one of the most important elements in the new public space. According to the architect Vito Acoonci, the meeting element is very important in this new public space. Adriaan Geuze mentioned the importance of freedom for the users to create self-awareness and creativity. Ben van Berkel, an architect who did also a submission for the terminal, mentions the importance of the routing, circulation and flow in a public space for the connection with the rest of the city, an element FOA also used for the design of the terminal.
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DATE: July, 2013
NAME: Essay Joris Korbee
KEYWORDS: Yokohama, Port, Terminal, FOA, Foreign Office Architects, Vito Acconci, Adriaan Geuze, Ben van Berkel.